Potassium…time to take a look at this again.
The adrenal glands are a pair of triangle shaped organs that rest on top of the kidneys. The glands are made up of two parts, the cortex or outer section, which produces cortisone, and the medulla or center section, which secretes adrenaline.
In addition to producing cortisone, the adrenal cortex also helps to maintain the salt and water balance in the body, and is involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates and the regulation of blood sugar.
The adrenal medulla produces adrenaline, also known as the hormone epinephrine, when the body is under stress. This hormone speeds up the metabolism and produces other changes within the body that assist in coping with danger.
The adrenal help wake us up in the morning by producing cortisol which suppress the sleep hormone melatonin. The adrenal help control our blood sugar. They make hormones, which help raise our blood sugar under times of stress so that we can have energy. The adrenals control sodium, potassium and chlorides in our body, which adjust our fluid balance. They do this by working with the kidneys. The adrenals work closely with our thyroid gland to keep are metabolism high. The adrenals act like the fuel pump and the thyroid like the spark plugs. This keeps the fuel we consume for our food being combusted into energy.
When we have stress, whether physical or emotional, adrenal hormones help provide energy for us to get through the stress. The adrenals need vitamins, minerals and amino acids in order to make the hormones and to repair and keep themselves healthy. Vitamin C, B5, B6, iron, manganese, sodium and potassium act as stimulants to the adrenals. Vitamin B12, B2, Calcium, magnesium, copper, vitamin D can regulate the adrenals by slowing them down if they are going to fast or by suppressing them below normal. It takes more then the RDA or the amounts found common it foods to do this.
An all-four-low mineral pattern is usually accompanied by a wide range of distressful symptoms, not the least of which is exhaustion. It is important to realize that individuals who suffer from all-four-low macro-minerals were probably at one time fast oxidizers. However, due to severe stress over a prolonged period of time, their adrenal glands eventually collapsed, as indicated by their current below normal levels of sodium and potassium.
Many of the problems associated with a fast oxidizer who has slipped into adrenal exhaustion, as indicated by all-four-low macro minerals, are directly related to inadequate reserves of calcium, magnesium and zinc.
Correction of the Problem
To correct the multitude of problems associated with four-low macro minerals, it is necessary to give relatively large amounts of calcium, magnesium and zinc as this trio of minerals is effective in alleviating current everyday stress placed upon the adrenal glands. The adrenal glands can be made less responsive to mineral-depleting stress, by supplementing the principal nutrients that are sacrificed during stress, (calcium, magnesium and zinc) rather than allowing the adrenal glands to be further exhausted by stress.
Sodium and magnesium tend to be antagonistic. As one goes up the other goes down. The ratio of the two minerals often gives a better picture of adrenal activity than the sodium level alone.
I love that last paragraph. Even though the mineral relationships don’t indicate anything between sodium and magnesium, they suggest there is one. Interestingly, as one goes up the other goes down…so if I was extremely low in magnesium wouldn’t the sodium be high enough to cause the potassium to go low?
Something to keep in mind if I use high copper level as a starting point. What other vitamins and minerals can be effected? Copper, in excess, tends to lower potassium levels? I’ve tried potassium before and didn’t notice any difference. But I do know that it can cause nervousness and has a link with the adrenals.
Effects Of Copper On Other Minerals
Copper, in excess, tends to lower manganese, zinc and potassium levels. Copper toxicity can also result in deficiency of vitamin C and B6, inositol, folic acid and rutin.
Copper tends to increase tissue levels of calcium and sodium.
Copper can displace iron from the liver.
Effects Of Other Minerals And Vitamins On Copper
Mercury, cadmium and zinc – compete for absorption.
Molybdenum and sulfur – bind copper in the intestine.
Iron and manganese – remove copper from the liver.
Zinc – lowers copper levels in the blood.
Vitamin C – chelates copper in the blood.
Vitamin B6, folic acid and niacin are also copper antagonists.
Cobalt is synergetic with copper.
March 23rd 2004. It’s been three years since I was diagnosed with mitral valve prolaspse. I remember the date because it’s my father’s birthday.
I’m on vacation from work next week and I plan to do some things around the house that haven’t been dealt with since the move in November. I also plan to dig up my health notes and go through them to find the summary papers from the iridologist. I never googled the things that she wanted me to take and I had always planned to but just never had the time. I remember they were expensive aromatherapy oils and that was one of the reasons I didn’t continue with her. If I can find out what they are and what they can do, maybe I can find some missing clues…
Today for some reason I had early afternoon magnesium loss. Around two o’clock my hands were cold and I thought it was weird because I just had my lunch not so long ago. I had a egg salad sandwich. I took one of my evening magnesium and was better. By four o’clock my hands went cold again and I took another magnesium. Not sure what is causing the magnesium loss as the only thing I’ve changed recently is the potassium and chromium. So I skip my evening vitamins and only take one magnesium, the enzymes and the adrenal complex.
So this is clearly not working. Tomorrow I’m going to lower the zinc intake and only take magnesium and the enzymes with a multivitamin. Forget the other stuff… for now…
Ran out of enzymes today so I decide to go the entire day without them to see what would happen. I had a blueberry muffin for breakfast, tuna sandwich for lunch, apple for an afternoon snack and chicken pasta for dinner.
By mid-afternoon and into the evening before dinner, I notice I have a lot of gas. The enzymes are working wonders because I haven’t had this much gas in a very long time. So whatever is still wrong, is having an effect on my digestion. Interesting because I was kind of under the impression that I had solved that problem. I was only taking the enzymes for the assimilation of the vitamins.
I really thought that the adrenal complex would make a difference to my overall energy but I can’t really say that it has. I added three potassium and three chromium yesterday. Chromium to remove the excess copper and potassium for my muscle twitching.
The vibration seems to back too. Very weak but noticeable. I really thought that taking the extra zinc had an effect on the vibration but I’m still taking the same dosage as I did when I had the four days without any vibration and it’s still there.
I’ve been keeping the same dosage and routine for the past two weeks and the only difference seems to be candida. I know candida can have an effect on the nervous system and cause gas so I’m wondering now if candida is the cause of the vibration? Only one way to find out I guess…Get rid of the candida.
I came across this article today and it raised some interesting facts.
Chromium is destroyed by sugar, has a relationship with copper and a deficiency can cause anxiety and nerve degeneration. It also has a synergistic relationship with magnesium and zinc. So if I have chronically low levels of magnesium and zinc, it would only make sense to look at Chromium and I’ll stop taking the other minerals that reduce absorption like selenium and potassium.
I originally blogged about this article on February 13, 2007 and now that I’ve discovered the Zinc deficiency, it’s something I should look into further.
Chromium & Copper: These two elements are the most important nutrients next to calcium and magnesium for their anti-inflammatory properties. They share left / right-sided cell receptors and are considered essential to human health.
While neither one – with few exceptions – is generally found to be very deficient level-wise, chromium (Cr) is on average always lower than copper (Cu), with virtually no exceptions. Copper, on the other hand is elevated in the majority of patients, which creates a chronic copper / chromium conflict ratio-wise in these individuals.
In fact, of all the patients I have tested since the mid 70’s, nearly 90% exhibited a chemical profile that in addition to their own unique chemistry contained an underlying pattern that reflected the impact of high copper levels on various opposing nutrients, which include chromium, molybdenum, sulfur, nickel, Vitamin C, hesperidin, and others.
When supplementing chromium, its level will generally not increase at first, but instead it will gradually lower copper, and potassium, since they are high in ratio to chromium. Only after copper and potassium have been reduced to normal levels, chromium may at that point start to go up. However, since sufficient amounts of chromium are rarely used, in practice, copper and potassium just come down closer to normal, and chromium levels stay the same.
Magnesium levels frequently go up following long-term supplementation of chromium because of its synergism with chromium, and also because of potassium (which is a magnesium antagonist) going down, and thus not exerting an inhibiting effect on magnesium any longer.
There are other copper antagonists such as zinc, but while zinc is generally documented as such in the nutritional literature, it is not only the weakest of all copper antagonists, but its action on copper takes place only on an intestinal level, so once copper goes into storage, zinc will have no effect on lowering copper any longer, no matter how much is supplemented. The only time zinc could become a threat to copper is in situations where copper levels are already on the low side, and massive amounts of zinc in addition to other copper antagonists were consumed.
Many patients exhibit high levels of zinc and copper, in which case a common denominator such as ascorbic acid / Vitamin C has to be supplemented in larger amounts to help lower both, while certain foods such as nuts, shellfish or wheat germ… (containing high levels of copper and zinc), should be avoided. One major reason why some people require a much higher intake of Vitamin C compared to others is that they exhibit very high levels of copper, which in these people happens to interfere with nickel and Vitamin C metabolism.
Chronically elevated copper levels in most patients may result from one-sided diets that lack co-factors or copper antagonists, or from the fact that many copper-rich foods are somewhat addictive, such as cocoa / chocolate products, colas, coffee, or tea (copper levels are even higher in tea than in coffee).
Other sources include seafood / shellfish, seeds and nuts, liver, soy products, foods or beverages that are cooked or stored in copper containers (beer), tap water (copper plumbing), and copper IUDs.
Due to the synergism of copper and aluminum (aluminium), a higher intake or absorption of aluminum – ranging from anti-perspirants, tetra packs, all the way to municipal drinking water treated with aluminum sulphate and polyaluminum chloride (used as coagulants) – will result in greater copper retention and lowered sulfur levels since both, aluminum and copper are sulfur antagonists. High copper levels, along with related sulfur deficiencies, can be considered to be one of the most prominent causes of many modern physical and mental health problems.
The correct approach consists of making copper (or calcium) more bioavailable by supplementing the appropriate co-factors, with the best choice being those that exhibit the lowest level in ratio to copper, and as mentioned above – may include Vitamin C, chromium, sulfur (MSM), molybdenum, nickel, or (rarely) zinc. Avoidance of foods high in copper is of utmost importance as well. This will take care of the medical conditions a practitioner was originally consulted for, and at the same time prevent the potential development of new medical problems elsewhere related to excessive copper intake.
Chromium is the “Gold Standard” to help normalize elevated copper, since it is its associated trace element. More aches and pains, arthritis, slow-healing fractures, sciatica and other back problems,various infections, etc, can be relieved with chelated chromium (not GTF), than with many other supplements – provided they conform to the side-specific requirements (see introduction above), and provided that calcium and magnesium are close to normal, since they are also involved with various disorders of the musculoskeletal system.
Following a close second is sulfur, usually supplemented in the form of MSM, whose main action in addition to helping restore cartilage formation is the lowering of copper! So again, it is the high copper levels which created a need for sulfur to help reverse joint degeneration.
Copper works synergistically with potassium and calcium, so when patients do exhibit low copper levels, then calcium and potassium are frequently on the low side as well. Taking a 3mg copper pill for one or two months, or less, is all that is needed for an adult to normalize any copper deficiency, and then it should always be discontinued, otherwise copper will go too high – being another reason why most people should avoid multi-mineral formulations containing more than 1 mg of copper.
Chromium Synergists: Magnesium, Zinc, Vitamin B15
Chromium Antagonists / Inhibitors: Selenium, vanadium, potassium, cobalt, copper, iodine, Vitamin B12, rutin, sugar, alcohol, fat,
Low Levels / Deficiency – Symptoms and/or Risk Factors:
Chromium: Reduced glucose tolerance / impaired glucose metabolism, weakened immune system, increased susceptibility for infections (e.g. bladder, left tonsil), trabecular bone loss, inflammatory joint disease, elevated total cholesterol, birth defects, reduced life expectancy, nerve degeneration.
Chromium deficiency can produce nervousness, shakiness, and other general symptoms of anxiety. Chromium deficiency is common among alcoholics and people who consume large amounts of refined sugars.
The typical amount of chromium used in research trials is 200 mcg per day. Niacin administered at relatively low levels (100 mg) along with 200 mcg of chromium has been shown to be more effective than chromium alone.
Some people take up to 1mg (1,000 mcg) per day for short periods without problems; this is not suggested as a long-term regimen but rather to help replenish chromium stores when deficiency is present. All of the precursors to the active form of GTF are used in some formulas, but usually with chromium in lower doses, such as 50mcg, since it is thought to be better absorbed with niacin and the amino acids glycine, cysteine and glutamic acid.
Chromium has functions other than the role it plays in GTF. It is a vital ingredient in lecithin, which help
s the body keep fat in small particles. When the fat globules get too large, they get stuck on the walls of arteries and can cause atherosclerosis. Your body requires chromium when producing protein. If it can’t produce the amount it needs, you can suffer from premature aging.
Large amounts of chromium are found in your adrenal glands, indicating its importance in the production of their stress coping hormones. White blood cells contain quite a bit of chromium. When you don’t consume enough of the mineral, your white blood cells cannot function properly. This is one of the reasons you are more susceptible to illness when under stress. Chromium activates vitamin C, and is therefore needed to reap the full benefits from it.
Today for something different. I’m going to try taking two 25 mg doses of zinc along with my multivitamin. Morning dosage is equal to 62 mg of zinc and 0.5 mg of copper. I also take my amino acids, vitamin C, potassium and vitamin K with some enzymes.
Picked up the book fromt he library today “Why Am I Always So Tired?” by leading nutritionist Ann Louise Gittleman. A book that talks about copper imbalance.
Copper And Other Mineral Imbalances As A Cause Of Allergies
Minerals play many important roles in regulating body chemistry. Not only are minerals required for glandular activity, but they serve to regulate the nervous system and every other system of the body. Toxic amounts of any nutrient will displace other vital nutrients and by doing so, result in various metabolic dysfunctions, including a wide variety of allergies.
Research reveals that copper toxicity is a major contributing cause of allergies, particularly those allergies associated with low cortisol levels. Low cortisol levels result in a chronic inflammatory process. Allergies occur because copper, in excess, deplete vitamin C, folic acid, zinc and other nutrient reserves that are required by the pituitary and adrenal glands. An excess of tissue copper also impairs liver function, resulting in a wide variety of food allergies.
Copper toxicity also results in an over-stimulation of the nervous system which leads to alterations of the pituitary-adrenal axis. Copper toxicity is often involved as a principal cause of brain, or cerebral allergies.
A copper deficiency frequently results in a lowering of tissue calcium levels, which serves to contribute to the excess histamine-type of allergies.
Many individuals suffer from a copper imbalance which is not detectable on a standard blood serum test. Copper toxicity can be identified from a hair mineral analysis, where it is indicated by either a high copper level, a high calcium level, a very low copper level, or a low sodium to potassium ratio which indicates adrenal burnout.
Many times, a food allergy problem can be traced to the relatively high copper content of certain foods. Common foods that are high in copper are wheat, corn, soybeans, chocolate and shellfish. Perhaps it is more than coincidence that these particular foods are common causes of food allergies.
Allergies And Behavior
Another class of allergies is commonly referred to as central nervous system allergies. These are reactions that detrimentally affect one’s emotions and behavior. The causes of these allergies are, in many instances, the same as those discussed above. The principal difference is that they specifically affect brain function, so that reactions are particularly noticed in one’s behavior and attitude.
Biochemical mechanisms primarily responsible for brain allergies include;
• Excessive histamine release in the brain due to an elevated copper level, or zinc deficiency.
• Alterations of vitamin, or other mineral levels in the brain due to foods, or exposure to toxic metals.
• Changes in blood sugar levels due to diet, stress, or adrenal insufficiency. The brain is extremely sensitive to both low and high blood sugar levels.
• Specific neuro-chemical effects of food additives such as Nutra-Sweet which contains phenylalanine, a neuro-active amino acid.
In the majority of cases of central nervous system allergies, we find that a copper imbalance plays a vital role. Research confirms that a copper toxicity problem causes a zinc deficiency, which in turn may result in a rise in tissue sodium levels. A high sodium level, in turn, is responsible for many of the symptoms associated with brain allergies.
Common symptoms of brain allergies in children are hyperactivity, learning disorders and concentration deficit problems. In adults, a high sodium level frequently manifests itself as manic-depressive disorders, hyperactivity, anxiety and various phobias.
Central nervous system allergies are handled the same way as other allergies. Imbalances in body chemistry need to be identified and corrected. The hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis needs to be restored to normalcy. Offending foods have to be avoided for a time. Digestion also needs to be improved.
Allergies As A Symptom Of Burnout
A common hair analysis pattern noted in allergy patients is a low sodium/potassium ratio (less than 2.5:1). We call this a burnout pattern, because it is associated with adrenal exhaustion.
Allergies are a common sign of adrenal burnout. The exhausted adrenal glands simply cannot provide sufficient cortical hormones required to prevent allergic reactions.
Another common hair analysis pattern in allergy sufferers is what we refer to as an all-four-low mineral pattern. The first four minerals on the chart (calcium, magnesium, sodium and potassium) are below normal accepted values. This too, is a burnout pattern, one in which the person is under unrelenting stress, thus preventing recovery of the adrenal glands. Allergies usually accompany this particular mineral pattern.
A final hair analysis mineral pattern that is often seen when allergies are present is that both sodium and potassium levels are rock bottom, below 6 mg% for sodium and below 4 mg% for potassium. Again, this is a mineral pattern commonly associated with severe adrenal exhaustion.
Very often, in order to correct an allergy problem it is necessary to correct the underlying burnout condition. Otherwise we are just relieving symptoms and the associated allergies will never be permanently eliminated.
General Nutritional Recommendations For Allergies
Avoiding refined sugars and carbohydrates reduces allergies in a category of individuals who are classified as sugar and simple carbohydrate intolerant. Eating sugar, or simple carbohydrates in any form, places undue stress upon the adrenal glands, which are forced to respond to the sudden excess of sugar in the blood. The result is increased wear and tear on these glands, as well as on the liver and pancreas. The ingestion of sugar, especially in susceptible individuals, also upsets calcium, copper and other mineral levels, eventually causing a further alteration of body chemistry.
Refined carbohydrates lack fiber, which serves to slow the absorption of sugars into the blood stream. They also lack the essential trace elements desperately required for optimal adrenal gland support.
Eating foods appropriate for one’s oxidation type is particularly important. For the slow oxidizer, this means avoiding high-fat diets and eating adequate amounts of protein. Increasing one’s meat protein intake is often difficult for certain slow oxidizers, particularly those with a copper toxicity problem. Avoiding, or limiting dairy products is often helpful for the slow oxidizer. Dairy products are high in fat content which serves to further slow down an already slow rate of metabolism. Many slow oxidizers are also unable to tolerate milk sugar.
For the fast oxidizer, dietary fats are essential and in some cases increasing one’s intake of fats will rapidly reduce allergy symptoms related to stress-related, excessive adrenal gland activity.
Avoidance of chemical additives is suggested for everyone, but particularly allergy sufferers. Even though there may not be an allergy to any specific chemical, the body still has to detoxify these chemicals, adding to the burden on the liver and the endocrine glands.
The same principle holds true for environmental chemicals, hair sprays, room deodorants, chemical cleaners and other toxic substances that we are exposed to on a daily basis. Minimizing exposure to the above allergens reduce the burden on the liver and glandular system.
Our research indicates that the reason allergies are so common today is largely due to an adrenal burnout-induced imbalanced body chemistry. The body has become hypersensitive to foods and environmental chemicals, which cause many types of allergic reactions.
Body chemistry has become impaired due to inadequate diets, stress and environmental pollution. Today, children are born with toxic metal poisoning and nutrient deficiencies, which indicates that even if an individual eats well, they may still be afflicted with allergies.
I went to the health food store to pick up some magnesium. They also had NuLife’s brand of potassium so I picked that up as well. When I went to pay at the cash, the guy behind the counter starting talking about supplements and asked us about our health. We talked about a bunch of things and then he asked me about the colour of my skin.
I wasn’t sure what he was talking about at first because I know my skin is slightly pale and one lady mentioned my pale complexion as an indication of mineral deficiencies.
He continued by saying that he thought my skin had a yellow cast to it and mentioned liver function. He continued by saying that the liver is most effected by stress and your emotional state. So I asked if something like Milk Thistle would help. He suggested drinking something called dandelion tea to help support the liver.
I’ve known about the possibility of a weak liver a while back based on the Chinese tongue analysis and it’s always bothered me because I’m always checking my tongue. More recently, the nutritionist suggested a liver flush to help with my adrenals.
My wife did actually notice my yellow skin a while back and it was just after we moved into our new house. The city of Markham is very high on using the new kind of energy effecient lightbulbs and our new house has them in almost every room. If you have ever used them, you may have notice that they have no constant colour cast so when my wife mentioned the yellow cast on my skin, I thought it was because of the new different kind of lighting.
I started taking supplements for candida at the begining of November just before the move so could it be possible that fighting candida was releasing toxins into my bloodstream causing stress on an already weak liver?
I always brush off any suggestion that my problems are stress related because I don’t have any stress except for dealing with the doctors with my health issues. I’ve never been a person to be effected by stress or to be in any kind of stressful situations whether it be at home or my work environments.
After we left the store, I was a little freaked out. My hands were cold and I felt kind of sick. I started thinking about what he said about the stress. If my body is in a state of nervous exhaustion, then any kind of stress would effect me in a way that wouldn’t be a problem in a normal, healthy person. I think he’s right, but not based on the actual stress, but the state of my body and I’ve been dealing with this state of nervous exhaustion for almost two years and I can’t imagine that not having an effect on the other parts of my body.
Two years ago during my doctor’s first appointment, he said that a vibration is usually caused by stress. Having to deal with him appointment after appointment, he never once showed any concern for this “stress” effecting my liver.
An interesting development but I’ll need to do more research.
I’ve had a new wart on my left hand for a couple of weeks now. I always seem to have them and I generally leave them alone but I lately, I’ve noticed that it has slowly disappeared. I had a stubborn wart that was removed by the acupuncture last year but I always seem to get them. It’s off to google to find out why?
Potassium Deficiency for Warts and Moles: When cysts or tumors grow in places where they can be seen outside the body, often we react by having them cut out. This defeats healing by working on the effect instead of the cause. You can cut cysts out, tumors off, and burn warts off (which are also a potassium deficiency), or get rid of as many moles as you wish, but unless you go to the cause, they will grow back again, and you may end up with as many or more cysts, tumors, moles as before. Different signs of potassium deficiency will keep popping out on the body because the condition that needs correcting is on the inside.
WOW! Isn’t that amazing? I’ve just started taking two capsules of the NuLife potassium last week. But I do some more googling and find another link between warts and zinc.
Warts: When They’ve Had Every Treatment But the Zinc
In patients with recalcitrant warts, low serum zinc levels may point the way to clearance.
Investigators in Iraq designed a double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled, prospective trial of oral zinc sulfate in the treatment of recalcitrant warts (common, plantar, and planar). They recruited 80 patients, each of whom had more than 15 resistant warts. For 2 months, 40 patients were treated with oral zinc sulfate (3 doses totaling 10 mg/kg/day, to a maximum of 600 mg/day), and 40 received placebo. If clearance occurred, patients were followed for 2 to 6 months to assess recurrence.
In the zinc group, 23 patients completed treatment, 20 of whom (87%) had clearance of warts within 2 months. Dropouts were described as lost to follow-up. In the placebo group, 20 patients completed treatment, and no response occurred in any patient. All patients had low serum levels of zinc at baseline, but none had symptoms of zinc deficiency. Local itching after 5 days of therapy, increase in size, and tenderness were associated with clearance of the warts. All patients in the zinc group experienced nausea from the treatment. Vomiting and epigastric pain in this group were common but did not interfere with treatment. Warts in the zinc group did not recur during follow-up.
Comment: The treatment of warts can be frustrating for both patients and dermatologists. This report suggests that zinc therapy for warts is very helpful in patients with low serum levels of zinc. It would be useful to know whether recalcitrant warts are a new sign of preexisting or acquired zinc deficiency, and further studies in other countries are warranted. For now, patients who have recalcitrant warts might be willing to tolerate a few weeks of nausea to finally clear their warts. It may be useful to check serum zinc levels before treatment.
So was it the zinc or the potassium? I’ve been taking zinc since the beginning of February and I’ve started back on the potassium since the beginning of January.
Based on my experience with the copper effecting my magnesium, I’m willing to bet that I have low levels of zinc.
I was doing some more research on how to treat a copper deficiency and I came across a web site that suggested taking no zinc. I’d only just started!!
- Copper supplementation: Cupric sulfate (2 mg IV for 5 days)
- Stop zinc intake
- Paresthesias often improve
So I’ll take the copper alone tomorrow without the zinc but I’ll still take my multivitamin twice a day. It contains 0.5 mg of copper and 3 mg of zinc per multivitamin. I was in a couple of health food stores today and although I’m having a lot of trouble finding any single vitamins by Nulife, in one store I came across Opti-Potassium and in another I found Opti-Copper. What a great discovery. I’m so glad that I found the copper in the crebs formula. The magnesium works like no other so I’m hoping for the same results with the copper and potassium.
With me focusing on potassium lately, I came across this article that mentioned a prolonged deficiency causes the body to lose calcium and potassium.
Functions: Essential for enzyme activity; aids in the body’s use of the B vitamin and vitamin E, fats and other minerals, especially calcium; helps provide good bones and muscle tone; contributes to a healthy heart; balances acid alkaline condition of the body; helps prevent build-up of cholesterol; necessary for normal, healthy heart functions.
Signs of Deficiency: Muscle cramps, kidney stones and damage, heart attacks, atherosclerosis, disorientation and nervousness, epilepsia and faulty protein utilization. A prolonged deficiency causes the body to lose calcium and potassium, creating a deficiency in those and other metals; involved in protein synthesis.
Sources: Sesame, sunflower, pumpkinseeds, nuts (especially almonds), and whole grains, green leafy vegetables.
A Mineral for All Symptoms
Several studies indicate that many people with mitral valve prolapse are low in magnesium. Moreover, in one study by researchers at the University of Alabama School of Medicine in Birmingham, people with mitral valve prolapse who took 250 to 1,000 milligrams of magnesium daily had a 90 percent decrease in muscle cramps, a 47 percent decrease in chest pain, and a definite decrease in blood vessel spasms.
This study revealed other benefits, too. People had fewer heart palpitations, the rapid or irregular heartbeat that’s accompanied by a fluttering sensation. Magnesium also helped to regulate heartbeat in those with a type of arrhythmia called premature ventricular contraction. People taking magnesium also reported fewer migraines and less fatigue.
Magnesium has a body-wide calming effect, Dr. Weiss says. “In addition to being jumpy and irritable and nervous, many people with mitral valve prolapse also have muscle fatigue and stiffness throughout the body, and magnesium helps with all those things.”
People who are going to respond to magnesium generally do so fairly quickly, within a week or less. If you have heart or kidney problems, check with your doctor before taking supplemental magnesium
Kava Calms Jittery Nerves
If anxiety and irritability continue to be a problem even after someone has been taking magnesium for a few weeks, Dr. Weiss recommends kava, a South Seas herb. Kava eases anxiety but doesn’t leave you feeling spaced- out or produce a hangover effect, he says.
Kava’s talents shine in several European studies. In one, people taking 100 milligrams of kava extract three times a day for four weeks had fewer signs of nervousness. They were also less likely to report symptoms of heart palpitations, chest pain, headaches, and dizziness than people taking an inactive substance (placebo).
Dr. Weiss recommends 100 milligrams two or three times a day. Take one dose before bed to help you sleep, he suggests.
I’ve been thinking a lot about my issues lately and I’m having a hard time trying to figure out why I’m losing my magnesium. What is the factor? My doctor wants me to take paxil and I have refused. I have a follow up appointment with him on Friday but I’m going to cancel it. I have nothing more to say to him. In fact, maybe it’s time to see another doctor.
I’ve been trying the higher dose of potassium and pantothenic acid without much success. Tonight I’m going to try St. John’s Wort again but I’ll start by taking three a day.
How does St. John’s extract work?
Originally it was thought that the action of St. John’s wort extract as an antidepressant was due to hypericin acting as an inhibitor of the enzyme monoamine oxidase (MAO) – thereby resulting in the increase of CNS monoamines such as serotonin and dopamine. However, newer information indicates that St. John’s wort possesses no in vivo inhibition of MAO.
At least two other mechanisms have been proposed: modulation of interleukin-6 activity and inhibition of the re-uptake of serotonin. The modulating effects of St. John’s wort extract on interleukin-6 (IL-6) is the most interesting as it proposes a mechanism by which St. John’s wort interacts with the link between the immune system and mood. The immune system and the nervous system share many common biochemical features and regulatory interactions. In regards to IL-6, this cytokine is heavily involved in the communication between cells within and outside the immune system. In relationship to the nervous system, IL-6 is known to modulate hypothalamic-pituitary-end organ axes, especially the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. The hypothesis is that an elevation in IL-6 results in activation of the HPA axis leading to elevations in CRH and other adrenal regulatory hormones – hallmark features in depression. St. John’s wort extract has shown an ability to reduce IL-6 levels, hence this action may explain the clinical effectiveness of St. John’s wort extract.
St. John’s wort extract has also been shown to inhibit the re-uptake of serotonin similar in fashion to drugs like fluoxetine (Prozac), paroxetine (Paxil), and sertraline (Zoloft). The study demonstrating a 50% serotonin re-uptake inhibition utilized the 0.3% hypericin content standardized extract at a concentration of 6.2 mcg/ml and did not attempt to identify the active inhibitors. Even though the authors of the study concluded “that the antidepressant activity of Hypericum extract is due to inhibition of serotonin uptake by postsynaptic receptors.”
An important point must be made – until pharmacokinetic studies demonstrate that St. John’s wort components pass across the blood-brain barrier a primary site of action outside the central nervous system cannot be ruled out.
Are there any other indications for St. John’s wort extract?
One of the key indications for St. John’s wort extract in my clinical practice is in the treatment of fibromyalgia. Fibromyalgia is a recently recognized disorder regarded as a common cause of chronic musculoskeletal pain and fatigue. Although fibromyalgia may be the “pop” diagnosis of the 1990s, it is a real clinical entity estimated to affect about 4% of the general population. Although fibromyalgia is a disorder that has many facets, the central cause of the pain of fibromyalgia are low levels of serotonin. As a result of a chronic low level of serotonin, the sensation of pain is great exaggerated.
Although St. John’s wort extract can certainly be effective on its own, in my clinical experience I have found that the combination of St. John’s extract (300 mg, 0.3% hypericin content), magnesium (200 to 250 mg), and 5-HTP (100 mg) three times daily seems to work better than using any of these three supplements alone.
Low magnesium levels are a common finding in patients with fibromyalgia as well as in chronic fatigue syndrome. Magnesium supplementation has produced very good results in both conditions part of which may be due to its importance to serotonin function.
One of the primary benefits with St. John’s wort as well as 5-HTP relates to their ability to improve sleep quality. One of the key findings in patients with fibromyalgia is a reduced REM sleep and an increased non-REM sleep.29 In addition, the deeper levels (stage III and IV) are not achieved for long enough periods. As a result people with fibromyalgia wake up feeling tired, wornout, and in pain. The severity of the pain of fibromyalgia correlates with the rating of sleep quality. What I mean by this statement is that when patients with fibromyalgia get a good night’s sleep they have less pain. Conversely, when they sleep poorly, they feel terrible.
What is the best dosage schedule for St. John’s wort?
The dosage of St. John’s wort preparations are based upon the hypericin content. The overwhelming majority of the studies in depression have used the St. John’s wort extract standardized to contain 0.3% hypericin at a dosage of 300 mg three times daily.
This article recommends the combination of St. John’s Wort along with magnesium and 5-HTP for good results. Forget it, I’m not going anywhere near 5-HTP again. So basically, St. John’s Wort does exactly the same function as paxil. So when I tried it the first time with no results, why would my doctor decide to put me on paxil instead? In fact, why didn’t he tell me that if I was unhappy with taking paxil to continue with St. Johns Wort for a longer period of time?
It doesn’t make any sense!!
With the higher dose of pantothenic acid and potassium, I wasn’t vibrating when I went to bed and there was nothing this morning. Lately I can still feel it but for the past couple of months, it’s been extremely weak. But is it progress? I’ll take the same dosage today and see what happens.
With the candida diet I’ve read that you should avoid vinegar because it is acidic. Vitmain C is also acidic and I’ve been taking 1500-2000 mg per day. So should acidic vitamin C be avoided on a candida diet? Let’s find out:
Some people think that to avoid yeast infections, you should avoid yeast. This sounds almost plausible until you think about it. As with sharks, spiders, and snakes, there are all kinds of yeasts, but only a few of them are troublemakers. Most yeast infections are caused by one particular species, Candida albicans. These fungal critters, which are found in any healthy body, are normally kept in balance by your other resident flora of “good” bacteria and other microorganisms. But a low immune system, stress, poor nutrition, and especially antibiotic use, can bring on a Candida overgrowth.
You do not cook with Candida when you bake bread. You do not eat Candida when you eat cheese. And even if you did, I doubt if Candida could survive the trip through your highly-acid stomach. I think eliminating yeast from the diet is barking up the wrong microbial tree.
For the various forms of yeast infection, I first recommend vegetable juicing and a near-vegetarian diet, including plenty of unsweetened yogurt. This helps get the entire body’s microbe population back into balance. Eliminating sugar is an absolute must. Candida love sugar, so starve them. In addition, to help bring prompt symptomatic relief, I suggest megadoses of vitamin C. Used in sufficient quantity, I think it is superior to nystatin, imidazoles or any other pharmaceutical you may be offered. You can expect to encounter widespread disagreement with that statement.
ORAL Thrush (Candidiasis or Moniliasis)
Direct application of vitamin C is an effective antifungal treatment. Due to where thrush is commonly found, and to the fact that ascorbic acid is, well, acidic, it is recommended that for topical use you select calcium ascorbate, sodium ascorbate, or any other non-acidic form of vitamin C. Adding a few drops of water to a half-teaspoon of vitamin C powder makes a nice paste that will adhere to the skin when applied with a “Q-Tip” type of cotton swab. Another method would be to make a vitamin C spray, using additional water and a cheap sprayer bottle from your local dollar store.
Homeopaths frequently recommend Borax, 3X or 6X, for thrush.
Day Three: Candida Diet
I’ve added a higher amount of potassium but I still don’t notice any difference. Today I added a double dose of 250 mg pantothenic acid three times a day for 1500 mg. I also stopped taking the candida supplements. With candida, I don’t believe you can take any supplement or try any diet without cutting out sugar COMPLETELY.
Today was my first full day using the coconut oil and I notice a slight difference but it’s really hard to decide what to eat for lunch and snack food because so much food has sugar in it. The types of food that I can eat are very hard to find and it’s types of food that I don’t like.
I decided to try some yogurt for lunch and it had no added sugar but it did have blueberries and 5 g natural sugar. I think this effected my progress but I’m not sure. Some web sites say that I can eat fruit in moderation and some say not at all. I think it depends on how bad you have it and in my case…it’s chronic.
Here’s some more information on the benefits of coconut oil:
Healing Power of Coconut
Coconut water is unique, full of minerals and nutrition and has been used for the very ill. “It’s a natural isotonic beverage with the same level of electrolytic balance as we have in our blood. It’s the fluid of life, so to speak,” says Mr. Morton Satin, Chief of FAO’s Agricultural Industries and Post Harvest Management Service.1
Tender coconut water contains most of the minerals such as potassium, sodium, calcium, phosphorous, iron, copper, sulphur and chlorides. Among these minerals, more than half is potassium.
Coconut meat is a nutritious food that is also used to make coconut oil and coconut milk. The fiber is great for stopping diarrhea and calming other bowel disorders. It soaks up toxins and helps the body eliminate them. The medium chain fatty acids in coconut kill off bad bacteria and yeast in the colon, aiding digestion and nutrient absorption.
Virgin Coconut oil is used by the body as energy and not stored as fat. It helps the body absorb vitamins and minerals, prevent depression, ease muscle and joint pain, kill off bad bacteria and protect the heart from disease. It aids in the production of hormones (some of which relieve allergy symptoms), helps to protect the intestine from leaky gut syndrome (which can cause allergies) and kills candida and parasites. Brushing your teeth with coconut oil can help prevent cavities and plaque.
Coconut oil got a bad reputation when the vegetable industry wanted a share of the market. Virgin coconut oil is not hydrogenated, and is trans fat free. In the 1950’s coconut oil was used in all kinds of cookies and processed food. After the market share battle with vegetable oils, it was replaced with trans fats, which are dangerous. Butter, another healthy fat, was replaced by margarine, a trans fat.
Oxidized fats and refined oils, which have been stripped of natural antioxidants, are popular in today’s modern diet, especially processed vegetable oils, which have been found to accumulate arterial plaque. We take antioxidants to counteract them but it is hard to get enough. Coconut oil is stable, does not oxidize easily, is resistant to free radical attack and can act as an antioxidant, helping to prevent the oxidation of other oils. Coconut oil protects the heart and arteries from being injured by viruses, bacteria or free radicals.
The big diet trend was to claim that fat makes you fat. That is true of vegetable oils but not coconut oil. Coconut oil is used as energy; the body does not store it. Virgin Coconut oil even helps the body absorb Omega 3 fats that are so critical for health.
There are a few rules about cooking with fat, they are simple; don’t use vegetable oils (heat destroys them), cook with low heat and use coconut oil or butter. Coconut and butter are less likely to be damaged by heat while vegetable oils are very fragile.
Benefits of Coconut Oil:
Coconut oil boosts the metabolism, lowers cholesterol and can reduce the risk of heart disease. It helps with diabetes, thyroid and Chronic Fatigue, is easy to digest and helps those with ulcers, Colitis, Crohns and IBS.
Coconut oil helps reduce inflammation and immune responses, caused by allergies, and promotes beautiful skin by protecting against the free radical damage that causes aging. Topically, it rejuvenates skin, prevents wrinkles and helps to heal wounds and reduce acne.
The medium chain fatty acids in coconut oil are anti-bacterial, anti-viral, anti-parasitic and kill fungus and yeast (Candida). They also boost the immune system, and can help with HIV.
Fat is Misunderstood
Not all saturated fat is bad. Some are as essential to the health of the body as fish oil.
Fat is key in the production of major hormones. Hormones that are essential for controlling allergic reactions and many other important bodily functions. Fat can be hard to digest, except for coconut oil, which is very easy on the body. Eventually fat digestion resolves itself, because coconut oil helps to improve the health of the digestive system.
Know Your Food Supply
Healing with food is the only way to create long-term health. Medication is usually just a band-aid directed at symptoms. Most disease gets a foothold because of some type of nutritional deficiency, which will manifest again, unless it is resolved. Good health is not a mystery reserved for scientists. It is available to everyone, via whole nutritious food, grown organically, in nutrient dense soil. Meat should come from animals eating natural nutrient dense food instead of processed meal and grains.
Food crops fertilized with chemicals and sprayed with pesticides do not have all of the nutrients the body needs to stay healthy. Many chemicals actually cause nutrient deficiencies in both plants and the soil. Food that has been irradiated and sterilized no longer contains the beneficial enzymes and bacteria that the body needs to maintain digestive flora. Crops grown in nutritionally deficient soil lack the vitamins and minerals our bodies need to create health.
The quality of our food supply depends on our being knowledgeable enough to demand the best and to understand and question where our food comes from and how it is grown. Nutrition in the soil = nutrition in the food = nutrition for the body.
I was surprised that I could get strong again. I am still so amazed when spring hits and I have no allergic reactions. I can go out in our polluted world and not be overwhelmed with chemical sensitivities, I can go to the gym and work out for 2 hours when only a couple of years ago, I couldn’t lift my leg to put it in my jeans! And the best part is, I did it with food.
Eliminate Allergies & Create Health
I had been ill for 10 years with mercury poisoning, chemical sensitivities, fatigue, and allergies. Frustrated and broke, I gave up on “conventional cures” and turned to nutrition. After six months of taking coconut oil, cod liver oil, cultured vegetables and probiotic liquids, I began to get stronger and my allergic reactions eventually disappeared. I recovered completely and I did it with food.
We all underestimate the healing power of food and have even demonized fat. For me, food was and is the key to creating and maintaining health. One of these important foods is coconut.
I really feel like I’m making some good progress here:
POTASSIUM AND THYROID DISEASE
Studies show that potassium becomes very deficient in the hyperthyroid state. It can become so deficient that hypokalemic paralysis results. This is a condition in which the whole body becomes rigid because of potassium deficiency. There are reports in the literature of people found in a state of hypokalemic paralysis in the street. When they are taken to the hospital and revived with potassium infusions, they are often found to have hyperthyroidism. For an unknown reason this occurs at a higher rate among Asians. It may be genetic or dietetic (high sodium intake from soy sauce, perhaps??). There are indications that potassium deficiency may also be involved in hyperthyroidism and the rapid weight gain of hypos may be the result of potassium deficiency.
The four minerals, sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium are next to each other in the Periodic Table and form a square on the left side. There are strong interactions between these four minerals. The balances between these four minerals seems to be critical to health and are probably very critical for thyroid health. Excess amounts or deficiencies of any one of the four may severely disrupt thyroid function. Additionally there seem to be interactions between these four minerals and copper and zinc, which are two metallic minerals with critical thyroid functions. It seems that a copper deficiency interferes with the proper functioning of both potassium and magnesium, and zinc seems more related to sodium and calcium metabolism. Also all of these minerals seem involved in either the production, degradation, or cellular response to thyroid hormone.
Potassium, sodium, and lithium are alkaline minerals which are involved in the cellular pumps which regulate the transport of water and nutrients through the cell walls. There is evidence that a potassium deficiency can cause the cells to fill with water leading to an overall edema in the body. It’s possible that edema of the brain cells from potassium deficiency may be involved in chronic headaches. It’s also possible that potassium deficiency is responsible for the rapid increase in body weight seen in thyroid patients. This increase in body weight seems to occur despite calorie restriction and may be the result of swelling of all the body’s cells with water.
Indications of potassium deficiency include symptoms such as muscle weakness, which is a condition reported by many thyroid patients.
You will also see below that eating licorice can deplete potassium with possible fatal consequences. I would strongly urge anyone with thyroid disease to not eat licorice.
For these reasons I think studying potassium is critically important to understanding thyroid physiology.
GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT POTASSIUM
From the book, “Healthy Healing” by Linda Rector Page:
“Potassium–an electrolyte mineral located in body fluids. Potassium balances the acid/alkaline system, transmits electrical signals between cells and nerves, and enhances athletic performance. It works with sodium to regulate the body’s water balance, and is necessary for heart health against hypertension and stroke, (people who take high blood pressure medication are vulnerable to potassium deficiency), muscle function, energy storage, nerve stability, and enzyme and hormone production.”
“Potassium helps oxygenate the brain for clear thinking and controls allergic reactions. Stress, hypoglycemia, diarrhea and acute anxiety or depression generally result in potassium deficiency. A potassium broth from vegetables is one of the greatest natural healing tools available for cleansing and restoring body energy. Good food and herb sources are fresh fruits, especially kiwis and bananas, potatoes, sea vegetables, spices like coriander, cumin, basil, parsley, ginger, hot peppers, dill weed, tarragon, paprika, and tumeric, lean poultry and fish, dairy foods, legumes, seeds, and whole grains.”
From the Nutrition Almanac by Kirschmann (excerpts): “…Potassium constitutes 5% of the total mineral content of the body…Potassium and sodium help regulate water balance within the body (potassium crosses over more easily); that is, they help regulate the distribution of fluids on either side of the cell walls and preserve proper alkalinity of the body fluids. Potassium also regulates the transfer of nutrients to the cells. …”
“Potassium is necessary for normal growth enzymatic reactions. It unites with phosphorus to send oxygen to the brain and also functions with calcium in the regulation of neuromuscular activity. The synthesis of muscle protein and protein from amino acids in the blood requires potassium, as does the synthesis of nucleic acids. It aids in keeping skin healthy and in keeping a stable blood pressure.”
“Potassium assists in the conversion of glucose to the form in which this substance can be stored in the liver as glycogen, and then to its useful form to do the body’s work. Protein and carbohydrate metabolism are dependent upon potassium. It stimulates the kidneys to eliminate poisonous body wastes. Potassium works with sodium to help normalize the heartbeat.”
Potassium is found mostly in leafy green vegetables which I don’t eat, destroyed by sugar which I used to have a lot of and has a very important relationship with magnesium. Why didn’t I look at this before? Actually, I did try taking potassium for a while at about 300 mg a day but I didn’t notice any difference so I’ll start taking it at a higher dose. Today I’ll add three doses of 200 mg.
Potassium is a very significant body mineral, important to both cellular and electrical function. It is one of the main blood minerals called “electrolytes” (the others are sodium and chloride), which means it carries a tiny electrical charge (potential). Potassium is the primary positive ion (cation) found within the cells, where 98 percent of the 120 grams of potassium in the body is found. The blood serum contains about 4-5 mg. (per 100 ml.) of the total potassium; the red blood cells contain 420 mg., which is why a red-blood-cell level is a better indication of an individual’s potassium status than the commonly used serum level.
Magnesium helps maintain the potassium in the cells, but the sodium and potassium balance is as finely tuned as those of calcium and phosphorus or calcium and magnesium. Research has found that a high-sodium diet with low potassium intake influences vascular volume and tends to elevate the blood pressure. Then doctors may prescribe diuretics that can cause even more potassium loss, aggravating the underlying problems. The appropriate course is to shift to natural, potassium foods and away from high-salt foods, lose weight if needed, and follow an exercise program to improve cardiovascular tone and physical stamina. The natural diet high in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains is rich in potassium and low in sodium, helping to maintain normal blood pressure and sometimes lowering elevated blood pressure. The body contains more potassium than sodium, about nine ounces to four, but the American diet, with its reliance on fast foods, packaged convenience foods, chips, and salt has become high in sodium (salt). Because the body’s biochemical functions are based on the components found in a natural diet, special mechanisms conserve sodium, while potassium is conserved somewhat less.
Potassium is well absorbed from the small intestine, with about 90 percent absorption, but is one of the most soluble minerals, so it is easily lost in cooking and processing foods. Most excess potassium is eliminated in the urine; some is eliminated in the sweat. When we perspire a great deal, we should replace our fluids with orange juice or vegetable juice containing potassium rather than just taking salt tablets.The kidneys are the chief regulators of our body potassium, keeping the blood levels steady even with wide variation in intake. The adrenal hormone aldosterone stimulates elimination of potassium by the kidneys. Alcohol, coffee (and caffeine drinks), sugar, and diuretic drugs, however, cause potassium losses and can contribute to lowering the blood potassium. This mineral is also lost with vomiting and diarrhea.
Sources: Potassium is found in a wide range of foods. Many fruits and vegetables are high in potassium and low in sodium and, as discussed, help prevent hypertension. Most of the potassium is lost when processing or canning foods, while less is lost from frozen fruits or vegetables.
Leafy green vegetables such as spinach, parsley, and lettuce, as well as broccoli, peas, lima beans, tomatoes, and potatoes, especially the skins, all have significant levels of potassium. Fruits that contain this mineral include oranges and other citrus fruits, bananas, apples, avocados, raisins, and apricots, particularly dried. Whole grains, wheat germ, seeds, and nuts are high-potassium foods. Fish such as flounder, salmon, sardines, and cod are rich in potassium, and many meat foods contain even more potassium than sodium, although they often have additional sodium added as salt.
Functions: Potassium is very important in the human body. Along with sodium, it regulates the water balance and the acid-base balance in the blood and tissues. Potassium enters the cell more readily than does sodium and instigates the brief sodium-potassium exchange across the cell membranes. In the nerve cells, this sodium-potassium flux generates the electrical potential that aids the conduction of nerve impulses. When potassium leaves the cell, it changes the membrane potential and allows the nerve impulse to progress. This electrical potential gradient, created by the “sodium-potassium pump,” helps generate muscle contractions and regulates the heartbeat.
Potassium is very important in cellular biochemical reactions and energy metabolism; it participates in the synthesis of protein from amino acids in the cell. Potassium also functions in carbohydrate metabolism; it is active in glycogen and glucose metabolism, converting glucose to glycogen that can be stored in the liver for future energy. Potassium is important for normal growth and for building muscle.
Requirements: There is no specific RDA for potassium, though it is thought that at least 2-2.5 grams per day are needed, or about 0.8-1.5 grams per 1,000 calories consumed. The average American diet includes from 2-6 grams per day.
In cooking or canning foods, potassium is depleted but sodium is increased, as it is in most American processed foods as well. It is suggested that we include more potassium than sodium in our diets; a ratio of about 2:1 would be ideal. When we increase sodium intake, we should also consume more potassium-rich foods or take a potassium supplement. People who consume excess sodium can lose extra urinary potassium, and people who eat lots of sugar also may become low in potassium.
Over-the-counter potassium supplements usually contain 99 mg. per tablet. Prescription potassium is usually measured in milliequivalents (meq.); 1 meq. equals about 64 mg. About 10-20 meq. (640-1280 mg.) per day may be recommended as a supplement to the individual’s diet.
What is potassium?
Potassium, sodium and chloride comprise the electrolyte family of minerals. Called electrolytes because they conduct electricity when dissolved in water, these minerals work together closely. About 95% of the potassium in the body is stored within cells, while sodium and chloride are predominantly located outside the cell.
Potassium is especially important in regulating the activity of muscles and nerves. The frequency and degree to which our muscles contract, and the degree to which our nerves become excitable, both depend heavily on the presence of potassium in the right amount.
How it Functions
Muscle contraction and nerve transmission
Potassium plays an important role in muscle contraction and nerve transmission. Many of our muscle and nerve cells have specialized channels for moving potassium in and out of the cell. Sometimes potassium moves freely in and out, and sometimes a special energy-driven pump is required. When the movement of potassium is blocked, or when potassium is deficient in the diet, activity of both muscles and nerves can become compromised.
I switched back to eating garlic cloves. The garlic supplements don’t work for candida and I think that’s because they all say that it for lowering cholesterol and that’s not what I want it for. I guess it takes the chemical reaction to kill the candida.
Contacted the magnesium research group today and asked them abouth the factors that effect magnesium absorption. Here was the response:
“There are many causes. Too hot, too cold, illnesses, medications, stress levels, foods, and yes polution, noise, exercise that is over 30 min and taxing on the body, sweat,sweets, loss of potassium, low functioning adrenal glands,excessive estrogen, diet low in protien,high in sodium and fats,diuretic use, and diuretic foods=tea coffee, stimulants, hormonal changes, shifting of the mag homeostastis, or potassium homeostatsis.
The adrenal glands makes aldostrone and reenen. This process wastes potassium and magnesium follows potassium out of the body. The two follow each other in most people.”
So maybe that is my problem. I’ve been looking at other vitamins and minerals when in reality, it could be my low functioning adrenals and according to iridology, it is still a factor despite my supplements. I’ve taken potassium in the past but maybe it wasn’t enough. I received some other emails and some suggested my symptoms sounded like hypothyroidism! I do understand that my thyroid is being affected because of my basal temperature readings. I haven’t checked it in a while but I should think about that again. Also have to see if there is a link between potassium and the thyroid.
Time to contact the nutritionist. Finally got around to completing the forms and questionaires. I sent her 12 pages in total.
Minerals are inorganic substances composed of a metal and a non-metal, both in ionic form. Metals most important for our health are calcium, magnesium, potassium and sodium as bulk elements, and boron, chromium, cobalt, copper, iodine, iron, manganese, molybdenum, selenium and zinc as trace elements. Essential non-metals are chloride, phosphorus and sulfur. Harmful are aluminium and the heavy metals cadmium, lead and mercury. While unbalanced intakes of bulk metals can cause health problems, trace elements easily become toxic in excessive doses.
The extensive use of chemical fertilizers and the refinement of food, together with unhealthy eating habits, have caused widespread mineral deficiencies and imbalances. Especially lacking are chromium, manganese, magnesium, selenium and zinc. Further problems are created by heavy-metal contamination of lead from paints and exhaust fumes; of mercury from pesticides, fumigated seeds or large fish and from amalgam fillings in teeth. Symptoms include fatigue, low resistance to infections, arthritis, hyperactivity and mental retardation. High intakes of calcium, magnesium and zinc help to expel heavy metals from the body. Acid-fruit juices in contact with metal are another danger. While cans are now commonly lined with plastic, chemicals leaching out of the plastic may be as dangerous as the heavy metals.
An additional imbalance is caused by the common overuse of table salt, especially in the form of free-flowing salt. Even ‘genuine unrefined’ sea-salt usually has only a fraction of the minerals contained in seawater – it is ‘fractionated’ instead of refined. However, Macrobiotic sea-salt still appears to have most of the minerals originally present in seawater. Those who live close to the sea may use seawater instead of salt.
If you are overweight, if you have high blood pressure or kidney problems, or if you eat a large amount of animal food or commercially salted products, avoid additional salt, use potassium chloride and kelp. If, on the other hand, you are a vegetarian, with low blood pressure, hypoglycemia, allergies, or weak eyes, or if you are underweight, additional salt is usually beneficial. Because iodine is a common additive to table salt, and many health conscious individuals now minimize their intake of salt, they are in danger of developing iodine deficiency; therefore use also iodine-rich kelp; be it fresh, as powder or tablets.
Boron is not officially recognized as an essential mineral, however, it is important for the calcium metabolism and, therefore, for healthy bones. In a study of postmenopausal women, boron supplementation reduced calcium loss by 44% and increased estrogen to the same levels as in women receiving estrogen replacement therapy. It can also help with arthritis. A therapeutic dose of 9 mg and a maintenance dose of 3 to 6 mg have been used.
Mineral supplements can be used to balance body and mind. Use the following guidelines.
1. Calcium tenses muscles and hardens the body structure. Therefore it is indicated in muscle weakness, low blood pressure with poor circulation and, generally, for people with a ‘soft body structure’, as in children and frequently in young women.
2. Magnesium relaxes muscles and nerves. It is indicated in cases of high blood pressure, muscle tension, stiffness and rigidity, a high-strung, irritable and oversensitive nervous system, jumpiness and insomnia. It helps to relieve pain and inflammation and is best for people with a ‘rigid body structure’ – most commonly elderly males.
3. Potassium makes the body more sensitive and responsive.
4. Sodium is required with adrenal weakness, low blood pressure and dehydration.
Experimental studies show that magnesium deficiency also induces calcium deficiency despite a high intake of calcium and vitamin D. Even intravenous administration of calcium did not improve the induced calcium deficiency until magnesium was supplied as well.
A good supplement form of these ‘bulk minerals’ are ascorbates – the salts of ascorbic acid (vitamin C), for example calcium or magnesium ascorbate or ascorbic acid neutralized with eggshell powder, magnesia, dolomite or potassium bicarbonate.
Minerals are not well absorbed from grains, seeds and nuts, except if these are sprouted or fermented. This is especially important for vegetarians. The addition of gelatin or chicken or fish broth to cooked grains improves the absorption of minerals, while cereal fiber (bran) decreases their availability. Where grains and seeds are indicated as good sources of specific minerals in the following compilation, this applies only to sprouted or fermented products.
In case of deficiencies, preferably take mineral supplements with meals containing gelatin (for example, fish, poultry), alternatively with fresh vegetable juice or vegetables salads. Also make sure that you have sufficient gastric acid. Minerals are more easily absorbed as chelates or orotates. Orotates deliver minerals directly into the cells. Take calcium orotate and magnesium orotate separately, because they may react against each other.
I’ve made list of vitamins and minerals that are destroyed by high sugar intake. Also made a list of deficiency symptoms that include anxiety and nervousness.
Vitamin/Minerals (Factors that inhibit absorption) : Excessive Sugar
Vitamin B (complex), Vitamin B-2 (riboflavin), Vitamin B-5 (Pantothenic Acid), Niacin (nicotinic acid), Chromium, Choline, Copper, Inositol, Phosphorus, Potassium and Magnesium.
There is one more aspect of health that is effected by excessive sugar: Candida
Anxiety: Chromium, Niacin, Magnesium, Phosphorus
Nervousness: Calcium, Magnesium, Potassium, Iodine, Vitamin D, Zinc, Vitamin B-1 (Thiamine), Vitamin B-5 (Pantothenic Acid), Vitamin B-6 (Pyridoxine).
And the common link between sugar and anxiety? B Complex, Niacin, Phosphorus and Potassium. B complex contains the vitamins B-1, B-2, B-5 and B-6. My B-1 and B-6 tested okay and I had three riboflavin (B-2) injections. So that narrows down the list of possibilities.
I’m really not sure about the difference between anxiety and nervousness so I decide to look them up.
Anxiety: distress or uneasiness of mind caused by fear of danger or misfortune: He felt anxiety about the possible loss of his job.
Nervousness: highly excitable; unnaturally or acutely uneasy or apprehensive: to become nervous under stress.
After looking at the definitions, I’d say that my problem is more linked to nervousness than anxiety.